Paving Your Path to Diabetes Management: Basic Carbohydrate Counting and Glycemic Index

What is carbohydrate?

Carbohydrate is one of the three main nutrients found in the food. Starches, fruit, milk products, sugar, and some vegetables have carbohydrates. Your body needs carbohydrate for energy. It breaks them down into a sugar called glucose. Your brain and body need glucose to work properly.

Carbohydrates and diabetes

With diabetes, it is important to eat the right types and amounts of carbohydrate. Some carbohydrates make your blood glucose go high quickly. Others raise your blood glucose slowly and to a smaller degree.